<!–^~^47|left|Napoleon I^~^–><!–^~^48|right|Through his reign, Napoleon I remained a military genius^~^–>The Revolution ends in 1799 when Napoleon Bonaparte entered Paris and was crowned First Consul at the age of thirty. A brilliant politician and a military genius, he took the title of emperor Napoleon I in 1804. After establishing a powerful central administration and a strong code of law, he started numerous military campaigns which almost gave him the control of the entire European continent. First defeated in Russia in 1812 and then in Waterloo in 1815, he was replaced by Louis XVIII.

Louis XVIII’s constitutional monarchy was overthrown under Charles X, whose conservatism was a reminiscence of the old regime and lead to the July Revolution of 1830. The following July Monarchy, had an elected King, Louis Philippe, (the Duke of Orleans). He ruled France for 18 years of stable prosperity. In 1848, Louis Napoleon, nephew of Napoleon I, was elected the first president of the Second Republic. In 1852, he was proclaimed Emperor Napoleon III by national plebiscite. It was he who commissioned Baron Haussman to redesign Paris and started the French industrial revolution.

 



Dateline:

1799
General Bonaparte enters Paris to restore calm and unity

1804
Bonaparte crowns himself Emperor Napoleon I

1805-11
Naopleonic wars expand his Empire

1815
Napoleon is defeated at Waterloo

1830-1848
Reign of Louis Philippe

1852
Napoleon I’s nephew crowned as Emperor Napoleon III



Also See:

Introduction 

Prehistory

Antiquity

Middle Ages

Renaissance

Grand SiËcle

Revolution Era

19th Century

20th Century