Valois Dynasty

The Valois Dynasty succeeded the Capetian Dynasty as rulers of France. They were descendants of Charles of Valois, the second son of King Philip III of France. Philippe VI, the Fortunate 1328-1350 Jean II, the Good 1350-1364 Charles V, the Wise 1364-1380 Charles VI, the Well-Beloved 1380-1422 Charles VII, the Victortius 1422-1461 Louis XI 1461-1483 Charles VIII , the Affable 1483-1498 Louis XII, the Father of His People 1498-1515 Fran

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Napoleon III

<!–^~^441|left|Napoleon III^~^–> Charles Louis Napoleon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 – January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the Kingdom of Holland. He was elected President (1848-1852) of the Second Republic of France and subsequently Emperor (1852-1870), reigning as Napoleon III (Second French Empire). In a situation that resembles the case of Louis XVIII of France, the numbering of Napoleon’s reign assumes the existence of a legitimate Napoleon II of […]

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Wars of Religion

The religious wars began with overt hostilities in 1562 and lasted until the Edict of Nantes in 1598. It was warfare that devastated a generation, although conducted in rather desultory, inconclusive way. Although religion was certainly the basis for the conflict, it was much more than a confessional dispute. “Une foi, un loi, un roi” (one faith, one law, one king). This traditional saying gives some indication of how the state, society, and religion were all bound up together in […]

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Barge cruising aboard luxury boats

We offer a very special service. Just ask for our FREE BROCHURES From 14 up to 30 passengers, boats cruise along the main and the tranquil waterways of France. It meanders through the Provence and the Langudoc-Roussillon regions, or Midi, or Burgundy, or Loire Valley with thousands of years of culture, world-renowned wines, gastronomic food, glorious weather and all this in a surrounding of unspoiled nature that will charm you. It is just wonderland along the waterways, a real privilege […]

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Avignon

Host to France’s favorite summer theater festival, this southern city 4 hours by train from Paris, boasts a rich history, and a varied architecture. Year after year, it ranks as one of the country’s favorite destinations amongst foreign and French tourist

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Bourbon Dynasty

House of Bourbon Descended from France’s ruling Capetian dynasty, the house of Bourbon became monarchs of France, Spain and southern Italy. The Bourbon Dynasty owes its name to the marriage (1268) of Robert, count of Clermont, sixth son of king Louis IX of France, to Beatrice, heiress to the lordship of Bourbon. Their son Louis was made duke of Bourbon in 1327. Though his line was dispossessed of the dukedom after two centuries, a junior line of the family went […]

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Paris Opera

784|left|Exterior of the Palais Garnier.|The Palais Garnier is a grand landmark at the northern end of the Avenue de l’Opera in Paris, France. It is regarded as one of the architectural masterpieces of its time. Built in the Neo-Baroque style, it is the thirteenth theatre to house the Paris Opera since it was founded by Louis XIV in 1669. It was often also called the Paris Opera, but since the building of the Opera Bastille in 1989, it is referred […]

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Basque

<!–^~^236|left|Ciboure, Pays Basque^~^–>The Basques are an indigenous people who inhabit parts of both Spain and France. They are found predominantly in four provinces in Spain and three in France. This area is to be found around the western edge of the Pyrenees on the coast of the Bay of Biscay. Besides Spanish or French, a minority of Basques speak their own language, Euskara, which is not only distinct from French and Spanish, but utterly different from every other language in […]

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Paris-Plage

For the third year in a row, a section of the expressway on the Right Bank of the Seine has been turned into a sandy beach in the heart of Paris, complete with palm trees, umbrellas, hammocks and deck chairs.

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Notre-Dame de Reims

For many centuries, this cathedral is where the Kings of France have been crowned. Today, it stands as one of the the most perfect architectural masterpieces of the Middle Ages.

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