<!–^~^46|left|Diderot published his Encyclopedia in 1751^~^–>The 18th century’s Enlightment brought thinkers such as Voltaire and Rousseau to struggle against the principles of the old regime and absolutism. In 1789, the state’s financial crisis brought social turmoil, triggering the Revolution. On July 14th, a Parisian mob revolted and stormed the Bastille prison, symbol of the old regime. A few weeks later, the revolutionaries enacted the Declaration of the Rights of Man which embodied the principles of LibertÈ, EgalitÈ, and FraternitÈ (Freedom, Equality, Fraternity) and had far reaching consequences for all the other European monarchies.

During the following decade France saw a succession of rivaling regimes which guillotined Louis XVI and scores of moderates as well as radicals at the Place de la Revolution, now known as Place de la Concorde. The Terror regime of Robespierre and his Committee of Public Safety brought turmoil, confusion and anarchy in France.



Dateline:

1762
Rousseau’s Social contract

1774
Louis XVI becomes King

1778-83
The Kingdom supports the American Revolution

1789
French Revolution, storming of La Bastille

1792
Louis XVI overthrown

1794
Robespierre overthrown and end of the Terror


Also See:

Introduction

Prehistory

Antiquity

Middle Ages

Renaissance

Grand SiËcle

Napoleonic Era

19th Century

20th Century